Habitat Conservation and the Environment
Habitat conservation should be at the top of our priorities.
The Importance of Habitat Conservation
Habitat conservation should be at the top of our priorities. It is said that humans are the most intelligent species living on this planet. We are everywhere – and because of it, the footprints that we leave behind are also everywhere. Over the years, natural habitats have been degraded and lost because of circumstances, like natural calamities as well as human-caused activities. Note that every species needs a specific set of environmental conditions for them to move around, feed and reproduce.
Why Habitat Conservation is Important
When there is a threat to a certain habitat, the organisms that live there are also threatened. When we choose to protect these habitats, we’re also protecting wildlife.
Here are the greatest threats to the survival of wildlife in the United States:
Disease: Disease-causing organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites are part of the ecosystem. However, when a habitat is compromised and threatened, the entire ecosystem becomes susceptible to diseases. These diseases are caused by or carried by invasive species. A few examples include Chytrid Fungus, Fibropapillomatosis, White-nose Syndrome, and Chronic wasting disease.
Global warming: Over the years, it has come to be the biggest threat to the survival of wildlife not only in America but around the world. The problem is getting more serious daily as the world’s temperature has increased significantly over the last century. The year 2014 was recorded as the warmest year on record. The National Wildlife Federation has observed the following, which can be related to global warming: changes in range, timing of natural events, forest loss, coral bleaching and melting of sea ice in the Arctic. Additional threats to wildlife brought about by global warming include: loss of wetlands, sea-level rise, erosion, and the rise of invasive species and disease. When you recycle you can help stop global warming.
Habitat Loss: This is the primary threat to the survival of wildlife in the United States. There are three major kinds of habitat loss — destruction, fragmentation, and degradation. When the natural habitat of wildlife gets compromised, it will be harder for wildlife to survive. And because of certain invasive human activities, there are fewer places left for these plants, animals and microorganisms to live. When a company recycles wood pallets it reduces the need for cutting down trees
Invasive Species: An invasive species is a living organism, like an amphibian, plant, insect, microorganism, or even just eggs or seeds not native to an ecosystem. When they grow and reproduce rapidly and spread in an aggressive manner, they are declared invasive. The problem with invasive species is when it is introduced into a new ecosystem, there are chances it might not have any natural predators. As a result, it can reproduce rapidly and take over an area. Invasive species can prey on native species, outnumber and compete with the native species for food and other resources, cause the spread of infection or disease, or prevent native species from reproducing.
Overexploitation: This refers to the excessive use of plant and animal species by people in order to produce their food, clothing, have pets, medicine, sports and a lot more. When we hunt, fish, trap, or collect wildlife, the threat for them to become endangered gets greater. Plants are also overexploited. Notable examples include orchids, American ginseng, and mahogany.
Pollutants: Our waste, exhaust, trash and industrial chemicals find their way to our natural environment, air, and water. They become pollutants. These pollutants contribute to global warming. One example would be carbon dioxide, which is the end-product of natural gas and fuel we use. Persistent organic pollutants such as PCBs, DDT and dioxins are threatening to plants, animals, and people.
Since we are the most intelligent species on earth, it is our duty to protect the species living here. Making wiser and greener decisions, no matter how small they may be, will have a positive effect on our planet.